Ashtead Common has a subsoil of heavy clay and is unsuitable for farming. However the clay will make good tiles and bricks. The remains of the pits from which the clay was dug in Roman times can still be seen on the Common.
Ashtead Villa (L) was probably the centre of a small tile and brick making business. The manager and his family lived in the villa while the baths (R), about 130 ft from the house, were used by the workers. Local historians have traced the line of a by-road of Roman origin linking the site with the nearby Stane Street (London-Chichester road).
The model is housed at the Leatherhead and District Local History Museum where examples of tiles and other Roman artefacts are also on display.
Model created by A.A.Tuffery, 1992 Photo by John Wettern, 2001, courtesy of Leatherhead and District Local History Society. Excavations carried out in 1926-27 by A.W.G.Lowther.